Eye Disease Management

Optometrists are eye care professionals who specialize in diagnosing and treating visual problems and eye diseases. They provide comprehensive eye exams to evaluate the overall health of the eyes and the quality of vision. During an eye exam, an optometrist can detect a range of vision problems, including nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism, and presbyopia, and prescribe corrective lenses and contact lenses to address these issues.

Optometrists can also diagnose and treat eye conditions such as dry eye syndrome, conjunctivitis, abrasions, and more. They can also provide pre-and post-operative care for patients undergoing eye surgeries. Additionally, optometrists can offer advice on how to maintain good eye health. Below are just some examples of conditions that an Optometrist may be able to manage/co-manage and treat.


Myopia control management is an area of eye care that focuses on slowing down the progression of nearsightedness in children and adolescents. Optometrists use a variety of techniques and tools to achieve this goal. These approaches work by altering the way that light enters the eye, which can slow down the elongation of the eyeball that causes myopia.

Optometrists play a crucial role in managing the ocular complications of diabetes. During a comprehensive eye exam, optometrists can perform specific tests to evaluate the health of the retina, optic nerve, and other structures of the eye. For example, they can use a dilated eye exam to examine the retina for signs of damage or abnormal blood vessels. They may also use imaging technologies, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), to produce detailed images of the eye and detect any changes in the retina or optic nerve. They work closely with primary care physicians, Endocrinologists, and Ophthalmologists to monitor patients' blood sugar levels and manage any changes in their vision or eye health.

Macular degeneration is a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide, particularly as they age. It is a progressive disease that affects the macula, which is the part of the eye responsible for central vision. There are two types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration is more common and progresses slowly, while wet macular degeneration is less common but progresses more rapidly and can lead to severe vision loss. Optometrists can detect the early signs of macular degeneration during a comprehensive eye exam and provide recommendations and management to slow down its progression.

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve and can lead to permanent vision loss. Optometrists play an essential role in co-managing glaucoma with an Ophthalmologist in Vancouver. During a comprehensive eye exam, Optometrists can measure the pressure inside the eye and assess the visual field to detect any signs of glaucoma. They can also perform specialized tests such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate the optic nerve and monitor any changes in its structure. Treatment options for glaucoma can include the use of eye drops, laser therapy, and surgery.

Optometrists play an important role in managing laser vision correction procedures such as LASIK and PRK. Before the procedure, they conduct a comprehensive eye exam to determine if the patient is a suitable candidate for the surgery. They also provide pre-operative care, which may include counseling the patient on what to expect during the procedure and performing measurements of the eye's curvature and refractive error. After the surgery, they provide post-operative care, which involves monitoring the healing process and checking the patient's vision to ensure that it is improving as expected. Optometrists can also provide advice on lifestyle changes and preventative measures to help reduce the risk of complications after surgery.


Dry eye disease is a common condition that occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly. Treatment options for dry eye disease can include the use of artificial tears, prescription eye drops, and anti-inflammatory medications.

Viral and bacterial infections in the eye, such as conjunctivitis, are common and can cause discomfort and vision problems. During a comprehensive eye exam, an Optometrist can evaluate the eye and look for signs of infection, such as redness, discharge, and swelling. Treatment options for viral and bacterial infections in the eye can include the use of antibiotics or antiviral medications, depending on the cause of the infection.

Corneal abrasions, or scratches on the cornea, can cause pain, discomfort, and sensitivity to light. Optometrists will evaluate the eye and determine the severity of the injury. Treatment options for corneal abrasions may include the use of antibiotic eye drops to prevent infection, lubricating eye drops or ointments to reduce discomfort and promote healing, and protective eyewear or bandage contact lenses to prevent further injury.

Uveitis is a serious condition that affects the uvea, the middle layer of the eye. It can cause redness, pain, light sensitivity, and vision loss if left untreated. Treatment options for uveitis may include the use of medicated eye drops for managing inflammation and pain. In some cases, further referral with an Ophthalmologist may be required for severe cases of Uveitis.